Classic Car Catalogue
Mercedes Benz 1978
(W 123) 200D, 220D, 240D, 300D, 200, 230, 250, 280, 280E
(C 123) 230C, 280C, 280CE
(S 123) 240TD, 300TD, 230T, 250T, 280TE
(W 116) 280S, 280SE, 350SE, 450SE,
280SEL, 350SEL, 450SEL, 450SEL 6,9
(R 107) 280SL, 350SL, 450SL
(C 107) 280SLC, 350SLC, 450SLC, 450SLC 5.0
(W 100) 600
C 111 III - prototype
ABS testing at Daimler-Benz AG's Stuttgart-Untertürkheim plant. When braking on bends the ABS maintains the car's directional stability and steerability, provided permissible cornering speeds based on the laws of physics have not been exceeded.
- 1 April: Series production of the 123-series estate begins at the Bremen plant. The historic plant, which saw the construction of Borgward cars until 1961, becomes the second passenger car plant of Daimler-Benz AG.
- April 29/30: In
Nardo, Italy, the Mercedes-Benz C 111-III breaks nine speed world
records and eleven international records for its class. The
record-breaking car is powered by a 230 hp, 5-cylinder diesel
engine with exhaust-gas turbocharger and intercooler.
- April: The 300 SD comes onto the US market.
- August: 22 - 25: The second generation of
the anti-lock braking system (ABS) developed in partnership with
Bosch is unveiled to the press at Untertürkheim. From
December, this ground-breaking innovation become available in the 116 series S-Class sedans.
- September: The
two-millionth Mercedes-Benz diesel powered car produced since the
war rolls off the assembly line at the Sindelfingen plant.
200D, 220D, 240D, 300D
200, 230, 250
230C, 280C, 280CE
230T, 250T, 280TE
200D (R4 cyl, diesel, 1988 ccm, 55 PS)
220D (R4 cyl, diesel, 2197 ccm, 60 PS)
240D (R4 cyl, diesel, 2404 ccm, 65 PS)
300D (R5 cyl, diesel, 3005 ccm, 80 PS)
200 (R4 cyl, 1988 ccm, 94 PS)
230 (R4 cyl, 2307 ccm, 109 PS)
250 (R6 cyl, 2525 ccm, 129 PS)
280 (R6 cyl, 2746 ccm, 156 PS)
280E (R6 cyl, inj., 2746 ccm, 177 PS)
Limousine (wb: 2795 mm)
250 lang (R6 cyl, 2525 ccm, 129 PS)
240D lang (R4 cyl, diesel, 2404 ccm, 65 PS)
300D lang (R5 cyl, diesel, 3005 ccm, 80 PS)
Limousine (wb: 3425 mm)
230C (R4 cyl, 2307 ccm, 109 PS)
280C (R6 cyl, 2746 ccm, 156 PS)
280CE (R6 cyl, inj., 2746 ccm, 177 PS)
300CD (R5 cyl, diesel, 3005 ccm, 80 PS) - USA only
Coupé (wb: 2710 mm)
240TD (R4 cyl, diesel, 2404 ccm, 65 PS)
300TD (R5 cyl, diesel, 3005 ccm, 80 PS)
230T (R4 cyl, 2307 ccm, 109 PS)
250T (R6 cyl, 2525 ccm, 129 PS)
280TE (R6 cyl, inj., 2746 ccm, 177 PS)
Kombi (wb: 2795 mm)
MERCEDES 200 £6,964
Smallest-engined car of the Mercedes-Benz range, the 200 is a luxury two-litre that will accommodate five. The four-door body also forms the basis of Mercedes 230, 250, 280 models, as well as the 200D, 220D, 240D, and 300D diesel-engined saloons. In spite of its modest engine size, the 200 has 94 bhp under its imposing bonnet, and performance is brisk with a near-100 mph top speed. The 200 bristles with safety features, even to a reflective triangle which exhibits itself the moment the bootlid is raised. For 1978 the 200 has centralised door-locking for the first time. The 200/230/250 models are distinguishable by their four round driving lights.
MERCEDES-BENZ 280SE £12,749
Mercedes-Benz' 2.8-litre six-cylinder saloon uses same basic body structure as 200 but has a six-cylinder twin overhead camshaft engine, and fuel injection. It is the company's first-ever production twin ohc motor, and it develops a rousing 177 bhp with silky smoothness and notable flexibility. The 280SE can be distinguished from 'earlier' numbers in the Mercedes' range by its rectangular headlamp glasses. There is also a 280CE coupe model with disappearing side-windows which have an almost open car effect when lowered. Both bodies have 'crumple' zones to absorb energy in accidents, and the doors are specially-reinforced.
MERCEDES-BENZ 300D £9,922
Unconventional five-cylinder diesel model—'the world's first five-cylinder car'—the 300D is the biggest oil-engined private car in production today, and besides offering unusually long engine life, and consumption of cheaper fuel (in some countries, not Britain!), the low exhaust emissions make the model a big seller in the USA. With a maximum speed of around 86 mph, the 300D will cruise motorways at an easy 75, and at that speed it is difficult to distinguish it from a petrol model. Interior finish, trim, and equipment is to Daimler-Benz' customary high standard. There is also a turbocharged model, not available in Britain.
London show review
280S, 280SE, 280SEL
280S (R6 cyl, 2746 ccm, 160 PS)
280SE (R6 cyl, inj., 2746 ccm, 185 PS)
350SE (V8 cyl, inj., 3499 ccm, 200 PS)
450SE (V8 cyl, inj., 4520 ccm, 225 PS)
300SD (R5 cyl, diesel, 2998 ccm, 115 PS) - US market only
Limousine (wb: 2865 mm)
280SEL (R6 cyl, inj., 2746 ccm, 185 PS)
350SEL (V8 cyl, inj., 3499 ccm, 200 PS)
450SEL (V8 cyl, inj., 4520 ccm, 225 PS)
450SEL 6.9 (V8 cyl, inj., 6834 ccm, 286 PS)
Limousine (wb: 2965 mm)
MERCEDES-BENZ 350SE £14,849
One of Mercedes' big 'S-series', the 350SE has the 3.5-litre V8 engine with fuel-injection and a maximum power-output of 195 bhp. The roomy body has been the subject of much wind-tunnel research and test, not only to gain wind-cheating efficiency, but to be so shaped as to deflect dirty rain and road water away from glass areas, and rear-light clusters. The 350SE is sold in Britain exclusively with Daimler-Benz automatic transmission, and in that form the maximum speed is around 127 mph. The 'S' body serves several others in the Mercedes' range, including the 450SE, and the 300SD which is not available in Britain.
London show review
300 SD (US only)
280SL, 350SL, 450SL
280SLC, 350SLC, 450SLC
280SL (R6 cyl, inj., 2746 ccm, 185 PS)
350SL (V8 cyl, inj., 3499 ccm, 200 PS)
450SL (V8 cyl, inj., 4520 ccm, 225 PS)
Roadster (wb: 2460 mm)
280SLC (R6 cyl, inj., 2746 ccm, 185 PS)
350SLC (V8 cyl, inj., 3499 ccm, 200 PS)
450SLC (V8 cyl, inj., 4520 ccm, 225 PS)
450SLC 5.0 (V8 cyl, inj., 5025 ccm, 240 PS) - new model
Coupé (wb: 2820 mm)
MERCEDES-BENZ 450SLC £18,249
Introduced at last year's Frankfurt Show, the 450SLC is an uprated 450SL sportsman's car with a new full five-litre all-light-alloy V8 engine for the German home market. In this country the engine is a 225 bhp 4.5-litre. The body weight has been lowered by incorporation of aluminium bonnet, doors, and bootlid. Although the performance is breathtaking with a 130 mph maximum and 0-60 mph acceleration of 8.4 seconds, the 450SLC is smooth-running and flexible. Made in limited numbers the sporting Mercedes is equipped exclusively with automatic transmission. The 130 mph 450SL remains in production.
London show review
600 (V8 cyl, inj., 6330 ccm, 250 PS)
Limousine (wb: 3200 mm)
Pullman 4-dr (wb: 3900 mm)
Pullman 6-dr (wb: 3900 mm)
Pullman Landaulet(wb: 3900 mm)
C 111 III
C 111 (R5 cyl, turbo diesel,
29/30 April in Nardò, Italy, the Mercedes-Benz C 111-III breaks nine speed world records and eleven international records for its class during a twelve-hour run, averaging speeds of approx. 320 km/h. The engine used in the record-breaking car is once again the five-cylinder OM 617 LA turbodiesel with intercooler, its output boosted to 230 hp.
Entries and results:
| 24h Le Mans 11.06.1978
Mercedes-Benz 450 SLC
, engine: 4520 cm³ (Clemens Schickentanz / Hans Heyer) by AMG Motorenbau GmbH for 24h Le Mans
Entries and results:
17 August - 24 September: After a gruelling 38 days and 30,000 kilometres, Mercedes-Benz teams occupy the first five places in South America's "Vuelta à la America del Sud" rally. Andrew Cowan/Colin Malkin take the win in a 450 SLC, followed by Sobieslaw Zasada/Andrzej Zembrzuski in a 450 SLC in second place, the 280 E of Anthony Fowkes/Klaus Kaiser in third, Timo Mäkinen/Jean Todt in a 450 SLC in fourth, and Herbert-Ernst Kleint/Günther Klapproth at the wheel of a 280 E in fifth position.
Andrew Cowan and Colin Malkin in a Mercedes-Benz 450 SLC on one of the many special stages of the "Vuelta à la America del Sud" rallye.