Fiat 1954

500C
1100/103
1400 / 1900 - end of prod.
8V - end of prod.
Campagnola
1400A / 1900A - Turin
Turbina - prototype (Turin)

Italy

1400 A i 1900 A stanowią modernizację dotychczasowych 1400 i 1900. Zostały zaprezentowane w Turynie. 1400 - powst. 77.000 szt. 1400 Diesel - powst. 13.500 szt.
Prototyp napędzany turbiną gazową został oficjalnie zaprezentowany jesienią na Salonie w Turynie. Niezwykle opływowe nadwozie z tworzyw sztucznych ma niewiarygodnie niski współczynnik Cx=0,14! Silnik rozwija moc 300 KM przy 22.000 obr/min i pozwala rozpędzić samochód do 250 km/h. Prace konstrukcyjne trwały już od 1948 roku. Turbina była gotowa w styczniu 1953 a pierwsze jazdy próbne odbyły się 1 kwietnia.
Powstał 8V z nadwoziem z tworzyw sztucznych. Silnik tej wersji rozwija 127 KM pozwalają osiągnąć prędkość do 210 km/godz.
Do oferty 1100 dołączyły wersje użytkowe 1100 N Industriale. Bazują one jednak na przedłużonej, ramowej konstrukcji starych modeli 1100E.

Umowa z Zastavą.


Turbina is the first car manufactured in Europe to be propelled by a gas turbine. The project took a long period of planning, studies began in 1948 and ended with a track test in April 1954 on the track of the Lingotto. The engine have two compressor stages, one turbine stage, power turbine have single stage with a geared reduction. The power output is 300 bhp at 22.000 rpm, and Fiat claiming top speed at approximately 250 km/h (155 mph).

Pride of place on the Fiat stand is given to the 1100 Familiale or estate wagon, which made its debut at Geneva in March, but improved and more powerful editions of the well-established 1400 and 1900 are the 1400A and 1900A. The 1400A engine has a new cylinder head, higher compression ratio, new inlet manifold and twin-choke carburettor, all of which combine to give an increase of over 10 per cent in output to 50 b.h.p. Similarly, for the 1900A, with the same modifications and a new camshaft, a 15 per cent increase in power is claimed. Body alterations common to both cars include a new radiator grille, restyled rear wings, a larger rear window, more comfortable seating and improved finish.
The recently introduced 1100 T.V. has met with an enthusiastic reception and in addition to the standard model there are many special versions exhibited by coachbuilders.

(Turin report)

 

500

500C (R4 cyl, 569 ccm, 16,5 KM; 2000 mm)
 Berlina - end of prod.
 Belvedere
 Furgoncino - end of prod.


500C Berlina


500C Belvedere


500C Furgoncino

 

1100

1100/103 (1089 ccm, 36 KM; 2340 mm)
 Berlina
 Familiare
1100/103 TV (1089 ccm, 50 KM; 2340 mm)

 Berlina


1100 TV


1100N Industriale


1100


1100/103 Familiare

 

1400 and 1900

1400 (R4 cyl, 1395 ccm, 44 KM; 2650 mm) - end of prod.
 Berlina
 Cabriolet
1400 diesel (R4 cyl, 1901 ccm, 40 KM) - end of prod.
 Berlina
1900 (R4 cyl, 1901 ccm, 58 KM; 2650 mm) - end of prod.
 Berlina
 Granluce Coupé


1400 Cabriolet


1900 Granluce

 

8V

8V (V8 cyl, 1996 ccm, 115 KM)


Zagato Fiat 8V berlinetta

Fiat 8V with a plastic body is purely experimental, and is the first step in a study of the possibilities of the material. An inner steel skeleton forms the stressed body structure and is clad with an outer shell which is thus relieved of stresses. The shell is of woven glass fibre impregnated with polyester resins, there being two layers of glass fibre with a layer of glass felt between them; the thickness is a uniform 3 mm. The weight of the plastic body is 106¾ lb.

 

Campagnola

1101 (4 cyl, 1901 ccm, 53 KM; 2300 mm)
1102 (R cyl, diesel, 1901 ccm, 40 KM; 2300 mm)
AR51(R4 cyl, 1901 cc, 53 KM; 2300 mm)

 

1400A and 1900A

1400A (R4 cyl, 1395 ccm, 44 KM; 2650 mm) - new model
1400A Diesel (R4 cyl, 1901 ccm, 40 KM) - new model
 Berlina
1900A (R4 cyl, 1901 ccm, 58 KM; 2650 mm) - new model
 Berlina
 Coupé


1900A


1900 A "Granluce"

 

Turbina

(300 KM) - prototype


Fiat Turbina (Motor '54/50-8,9)(Dzieje Samochodu-382,383)

Fiat turbine car is purely experimental and had been on the road only for a few days. A two-stage centrifugal turbine is coupled to a two-stage centrifugal compressor, while the driving unit is a single-stage turbine from which power is taken through reduction gears, nearly 200 b.h.p. being developed at 22,000 r.p.m. The temperature of the gases entering the two-stage turbine is about 800 degrees C. No heat exchanger is as yet fitted. The power unit is at the rear of the car: air enters an aperture at the front and passes through a duct or tunnel to the compressor. Exhaust is through a large diameter conduit at the rear. A tubular chassis frame combines stiffness with lightness and the four wheels are independently sprung by coil springs in oil-filled light alloy casings and with wishbone links. The two-seater Coupé body is the result of wind tunnel tests to obtain the lowest possible drag coefficient, and the rear part, which encloses the power plant, is detachable. In a demonstration of the car's capabilities a speed of 215 k.p.h. (135 m.p.h.) was attained, but a speed of 250 k.p.h. (157 m.p.h.) is expected when the car is au point. The characteristic turbine whine was obvious.

 

           
           

 

Victories:
       
         

F.I.A. World Sports Car Championship entries:

Mille Miglia 1-2.05.1954 (round 3) *   Results:    
#   chassis #   Entrant: gen. class    
023 1100/103   Filippini / Vigliani   167th T1.3 51st    
028 1100/103   Lippi / Galenda   86th T1.3 18th    
030 1100/103   Fornaciari / Carpi   67th T1.3 6th    
032 1100/103 TV   Blasi   79th T1.3 12th    
035 1100/103   Franchella / Ramenghi   142nd T1.3 47th    
040 1100/103 TV   Perdisa / Masetti Zanini   57th T1.3 3rd    
044 1100/103 TV   Da Fano / Gandini   122nd T1.3 37th    
047 1100/103   Veroni / Salsi   93rd T1.3 22nd    
051 1100/103   Lanzini / Dionisio   119th T1.3 36th    
054 1100/103   Zanetti / Adria   45th T1.3 2nd    
057 1100/103   Baccante / Chiodi   83rd T1.3 15th    
058 1100/103   de Grandis   109th T1.3 33rd    
100 1100/103   Serenelli / Merlin   103rd T1.3 28th    
106 1100/103 TV   Gidoni / Testolini   62nd T1.3 4th    
108 1100/103   Fabi / Pagliacci   124th T1.3 38th    
109 1100/103   Bezzan / Bellin   98th T1.3 25th    
110 1100/103   Bertoli / Secchi   171st T1.3 52nd    
111 1100/103   Alberti / Boni   144th T1.3 48th    
112 1100/103   Pasotti / Falconi   106th T1.3 30th    
115 1100/103   Bernardi / Torresi   85th T1.3 17th    
116 1100/103   Montanari   140th T1.3 45th    
120 1100/103   Garonzi / Dall'Agnol   97th T1.3 24th    
124 1100/103   Spataro / Salvadego   84th T1.3 16th    
127 1100/103 TV   Sannazzaro / de Micheli   108th T1.3 32nd    
130 1100/103   Travaglini / Randi   78th T1.3 11th    
133 1100/103   Borghi   110th T1.3 34th    
134 1100/103   Siddi / Falconi   92nd T1.3 21st    
141 1100/103   Facchetti   112th T1.3 35th    
143 1100/103   Balestra   105th T1.3 29th    
144 1100/103 TV   Capelli / Vitali   68th T1.3 7th    
147 1100/103   Pola / Tangerini   101st T1.3 26th    
148 1100/103 TV   Dona / Bettinazzi   73rd T1.3 9th    
150 1100/103   Gersoni / Riccabella   134th T1.3 41st    
152 1100/103   Gallasi / Mora   80th T1.3 13th    
153 1100/103   Fulcis / Lucheschi   107th T1.3 31st    
155 1100/103   Manfredini / Campigotto   90th T1.3 20th    
156 1100/103 TV   Mandrini / Ferraris   41st T1.3 1st    
158 1100/103   Peverada / Cantarelli   141st T1.3 46th    
205 1100 Zagato   Pittoni   75th GT1.5 8th    
206 1100 Zagato   Baratti / Archetti   95th GT1.5 11th    
208 1100 Zagato   Zanardi / Gherardi   113th GT1.5 12th    
210 1100 Zagato   Vistoli / Mercatelli   91st GT1.5 10th    
216 1100   Morelli   120th GT1.5 13th    
250 1400   Poli / Brunacci   182nd T+1.3 21st    
252 1400   Riva / Feldmann   160th T+1.3 20th    
340 1100/103 TV   Bormioli / Ficai   72nd S1.5 6th    
341 1100 Zagato   Fontana / Massai   dnf S1.5 -    
345 1100 (Gilco) 0028351 Crivelli / Tinarelli   123rd S1.5 8th    
353 1100/103 Zagato 017505 Guidetti / Ubezio   49th S1.5 4th    
358 1100 S   Fona / Malavasi   dnf S1.5 -    
359 1100 E Zagato 360568 Schoen / Crescentini   172nd S1.5 11th    
400 1100 ES   Missore / Conetrali   dnf S1.5 -    
401 1100/103 Zagato 001439 Poli / Zagato   dnf S1.5 -    
402 1100 E Zagato 376413 Colombi / Taddei   164th S1.5 10th    
404 1100 S   Nigra / Tomasinelli   114th S1.5 7th    
405 1100 E Zagato 0010753 Castelnuovo / Venuti   dnf S1.5 -    
407 1100 S   D'Artogna / Monzino   fail. S1.5 -    
416 8V 000088 Poillucci   18th GT+1.5 6th    
439 8V Zagato 000002 di Priolo   9th GT+1.5 2nd    
445 8V 000004 Montanari / Ropa   dnf GT+1.5 -    
502 8V 000032 Auricchio / Bozzini   dnf S2.0 -    
504 8V 000033 Romano / Ronchi   dna S2.0 -    
2109 500 C   Carando / Santinello   154th T750 16th    
2122 500 C   Chiari / Berlucchi   150th T750 14th    
2124 500 C   Graziano / Dionisi   175th T750 29th    
2133 500 C   Cosani / Bagatin   149th T750 13th    
2134 500 C   Coppo / Giorgis   162nd T750 21st    
2136 500 C   Calzavacca / Malpezzi   174th T750 28th    
2138 500 C   Perron / Facca   180th T750 34th    
2139 500 C   Caggiati / Fabroni   173rd T750 27th    
2142 500 C   Tavella / Barbieri   135th T750 9th    
2143 500 C   Camisotti / Sacchiero   165th T750 23rd    
2144 500 C   Cardinali / Tingolini   170th T750 26th    
2149 500 C   Bortolucci / Francesconi   155th T750 17th    
2150 500 C   Gobbi / Borghini   146th T750 11th    
2154 500 C   Corvi / Ghittoni   161st T750 20th    
2158 500 C   Fadini / Arrigoni   157th T750 18th    
2159 500 C   Turri / Candiani   153rd T750 15th    
2207 500 C   de Milano / Carlotti   163rd T750 22nd    
2212 500 C   Cigognini / Padovan   169th T750 25th    
2314 750 Zagato   Bauer / Sandrolini   115th S750 4th    
2341 Marino Coupe 141151 Brandoli / Claes   159th S750 13th    
* only finishing cars listed.

Other entries:

  Targa Florio 30.03.1954 Results:
#     gen. category class  
18 1100 Sport La Mattina fail.        
24 Raor 1100 Sport Di Salvo 10th sport 8th 751-1.1 1st
30 1100/103 TV Reginella -        
32 1100/103 Toia 16th turismo 1st up to 1.3 1st
34 1100/103 TV Crimi fail.        
36 1100/103 TV Mauthe 17th turismo 2nd up to 1.3 2nd
38 1100/103 TV Fantauzzo fail.        


Fiat 1100/103 (Francesco Toia) at Targa Florio.


Fiat Raor 1100 Sport (Antonio Di Salvo) at Targa Florio.


Fiat 1100/103 (Bruno Poggioli / F. Nadalini) did not finish Mille Miglia.


Fiat 1100 (Ettore Morelli / Armando Morelli) at Mille Miglia.