Fiat 1954

500C
1100/103
1400 / 1900 - end of prod.
8V - end of prod.
Campagnola
1400A / 1900A - Turin
Turbina - prototype (Turin)

1400 A i 1900 A stanowią modernizację dotychczasowych 1400 i 1900. Zostały zaprezentowane w Turynie. 1400 - powst. 77.000 szt. 1400 Diesel - powst. 13.500 szt.
Prototyp napędzany turbiną gazową został oficjalnie zaprezentowany jesienią na Salonie w Turynie. Niezwykle opływowe nadwozie z tworzyw sztucznych ma niewiarygodnie niski współczynnik Cx=0,14! Silnik rozwija moc 300 KM przy 22.000 obr/min i pozwala rozpędzić samochód do 250 km/h. Prace konstrukcyjne trwały już od 1948 roku. Turbina była gotowa w styczniu 1953 a pierwsze jazdy próbne odbyły się 1 kwietnia.
Powstał 8V z nadwoziem z tworzyw sztucznych. Silnik tej wersji rozwija 127 KM pozwalają osiągnąć prędkość do 210 km/godz.
Do oferty 1100 dołączyły wersje użytkowe 1100 N Industriale. Bazują one jednak na przedłużonej, ramowej konstrukcji starych modeli 1100E.

Umowa z Zastavą.


Turbina is the first car manufactured in Europe to be propelled by a gas turbine. The project took a long period of planning, studies began in 1948 and ended with a track test in April 1954 on the track of the Lingotto. The engine have two compressor stages, one turbine stage, power turbine have single stage with a geared reduction. The power output is 300 bhp at 22.000 rpm, and Fiat claiming top speed at approximately 250 km/h (155 mph).

Pride of place on the Fiat stand is given to the 1100 Familiale or estate wagon, which made its debut at Geneva in March, but improved and more powerful editions of the well-established 1400 and 1900 are the 1400A and 1900A. The 1400A engine has a new cylinder head, higher compression ratio, new inlet manifold and twin-choke carburettor, all of which combine to give an increase of over 10 per cent in output to 50 b.h.p. Similarly, for the 1900A, with the same modifications and a new camshaft, a 15 per cent increase in power is claimed. Body alterations common to both cars include a new radiator grille, restyled rear wings, a larger rear window, more comfortable seating and improved finish.
The recently introduced 1100 T.V. has met with an enthusiastic reception and in addition to the standard model there are many special versions exhibited by coachbuilders.

(Turin report)

 

500

500C (R4 cyl, 569 ccm, 16,5 KM; 2000 mm)
 Berlina - end of prod.
 Belvedere
 Furgoncino - end of prod.


500C Berlina


500C Belvedere


500C Furgoncino

 

1100

1100/103 (1089 ccm, 36 KM; 2340 mm)
 Berlina
 Familiare
1100/103 TV (1089 ccm, 50 KM; 2340 mm)

 Berlina


1100 TV


1100N Industriale


1100


1100/103 Familiare

 

1400 and 1900

1400 (R4 cyl, 1395 ccm, 44 KM; 2650 mm) - end of prod.
 Berlina
 Cabriolet
1400 diesel (R4 cyl, 1901 ccm, 40 KM) - end of prod.
 Berlina
1900 (R4 cyl, 1901 ccm, 58 KM; 2650 mm) - end of prod.
 Berlina
 Granluce Coupé


1400 Cabriolet


1900 Granluce

 

8V

8V (V8 cyl, 1996 ccm, 115 KM)


Zagato Fiat 8V berlinetta

Fiat 8V with a plastic body is purely experimental, and is the first step in a study of the possibilities of the material. An inner steel skeleton forms the stressed body structure and is clad with an outer shell which is thus relieved of stresses. The shell is of woven glass fibre impregnated with polyester resins, there being two layers of glass fibre with a layer of glass felt between them; the thickness is a uniform 3 mm. The weight of the plastic body is 106¾ lb.

 

Campagnola

1101 (4 cyl, 1901 ccm, 53 KM; 2300 mm)
1102 (R cyl, diesel, 1901 ccm, 40 KM; 2300 mm)
AR51(R4 cyl, 1901 cc, 53 KM; 2300 mm)

 

1400A and 1900A

1400A (R4 cyl, 1395 ccm, 44 KM; 2650 mm) - new model
1400A Diesel (R4 cyl, 1901 ccm, 40 KM) - new model
 Berlina
1900A (R4 cyl, 1901 ccm, 58 KM; 2650 mm) - new model
 Berlina
 Coupé


1900A


1900 A "Granluce"

 

Turbina

(300 KM) - prototype


Fiat Turbina (Motor '54/50-8,9)(Dzieje Samochodu-382,383)

Fiat turbine car is purely experimental and had been on the road only for a few days. A two-stage centrifugal turbine is coupled to a two-stage centrifugal compressor, while the driving unit is a single-stage turbine from which power is taken through reduction gears, nearly 200 b.h.p. being developed at 22,000 r.p.m. The temperature of the gases entering the two-stage turbine is about 800 degrees C. No heat exchanger is as yet fitted. The power unit is at the rear of the car: air enters an aperture at the front and passes through a duct or tunnel to the compressor. Exhaust is through a large diameter conduit at the rear. A tubular chassis frame combines stiffness with lightness and the four wheels are independently sprung by coil springs in oil-filled light alloy casings and with wishbone links. The two-seater Coupé body is the result of wind tunnel tests to obtain the lowest possible drag coefficient, and the rear part, which encloses the power plant, is detachable. In a demonstration of the car's capabilities a speed of 215 k.p.h. (135 m.p.h.) was attained, but a speed of 250 k.p.h. (157 m.p.h.) is expected when the car is au point. The characteristic turbine whine was obvious.

 

       
       

 

Victories:

F.I.A. World Sports Car Championship entries:

Mille Miglia 1-2.05.1954 (round 3) * Results:
# chassis # Entrant: gen. class
023 1100/103 Filippini / Vigliani 167th T1.3 51st
028 1100/103 Lippi / Galenda 86th T1.3 18th
030 1100/103 Fornaciari / Carpi 67th T1.3 6th
032 1100/103 TV Blasi 79th T1.3 12th
035 1100/103 Franchella / Ramenghi 142nd T1.3 47th
040 1100/103 TV Perdisa / Masetti Zanini 57th T1.3 3rd
044 1100/103 TV Da Fano / Gandini 122nd T1.3 37th
047 1100/103 Veroni / Salsi 93rd T1.3 22nd
051 1100/103 Lanzini / Dionisio 119th T1.3 36th
054 1100/103 Zanetti / Adria 45th T1.3 2nd
057 1100/103 Baccante / Chiodi 83rd T1.3 15th
058 1100/103 de Grandis 109th T1.3 33rd
100 1100/103 Serenelli / Merlin 103rd T1.3 28th
106 1100/103 TV Gidoni / Testolini 62nd T1.3 4th
108 1100/103 Fabi / Pagliacci 124th T1.3 38th
109 1100/103 Bezzan / Bellin 98th T1.3 25th
110 1100/103 Bertoli / Secchi 171st T1.3 52nd
111 1100/103 Alberti / Boni 144th T1.3 48th
112 1100/103 Pasotti / Falconi 106th T1.3 30th
115 1100/103 Bernardi / Torresi 85th T1.3 17th
116 1100/103 Montanari 140th T1.3 45th
120 1100/103 Garonzi / Dall'Agnol 97th T1.3 24th
124 1100/103 Spataro / Salvadego 84th T1.3 16th
127 1100/103 TV Sannazzaro / de Micheli 108th T1.3 32nd
130 1100/103 Travaglini / Randi 78th T1.3 11th
133 1100/103 Borghi 110th T1.3 34th
134 1100/103 Siddi / Falconi 92nd T1.3 21st
141 1100/103 Facchetti 112th T1.3 35th
143 1100/103 Balestra 105th T1.3 29th
144 1100/103 TV Capelli / Vitali 68th T1.3 7th
147 1100/103 Pola / Tangerini 101st T1.3 26th
148 1100/103 TV Dona / Bettinazzi 73rd T1.3 9th
150 1100/103 Gersoni / Riccabella 134th T1.3 41st
152 1100/103 Gallasi / Mora 80th T1.3 13th
153 1100/103 Fulcis / Lucheschi 107th T1.3 31st
155 1100/103 Manfredini / Campigotto 90th T1.3 20th
156 1100/103 TV Mandrini / Ferraris 41st T1.3 1st
158 1100/103 Peverada / Cantarelli 141st T1.3 46th
205 1100 Zagato Pittoni 75th GT1.5 8th
206 1100 Zagato Baratti / Archetti 95th GT1.5 11th
208 1100 Zagato Zanardi / Gherardi 113th GT1.5 12th
210 1100 Zagato Vistoli / Mercatelli 91st GT1.5 10th
216 1100 Morelli 120th GT1.5 13th
250 1400   Poli / Brunacci 182nd T+1.3 21st
252 1400 Riva / Feldmann 160th T+1.3 20th
340 1100/103 TV Bormioli / Ficai 72nd S1.5 6th
341 1100 Zagato Fontana / Massai dnf S1.5 -
345 1100 (Gilco) 0028351 Crivelli / Tinarelli 123rd S1.5 8th
353 1100/103 Zagato 017505 Guidetti / Ubezio 49th S1.5 4th
358 1100 S Fona / Malavasi dnf S1.5 -
359 1100 E Zagato 360568 Schoen / Crescentini 172nd S1.5 11th
400 1100 ES Missore / Conetrali dnf S1.5 -
401 1100/103 Zagato 001439 Poli / Zagato dnf S1.5 -
402 1100 E Zagato 376413 Colombi / Taddei 164th S1.5 10th
404 1100 S Nigra / Tomasinelli 114th S1.5 7th
405 1100 E Zagato 0010753 Castelnuovo / Venuti dnf S1.5 -
407 1100 S D'Artogna / Monzino ret. S1.5 -
416 8V 000088 Poillucci 18th GT+1.5 6th
439 8V Zagato 000002 di Priolo 9th GT+1.5 2nd
445 8V 000004 Montanari / Ropa dnf GT+1.5 -
502 8V 000032 Auricchio / Bozzini dnf S2.0 -
504 8V 000033 Romano / Ronchi dna S2.0 -
2109 500 C Carando / Santinello 154th T750 16th
2122 500 C Chiari / Berlucchi 150th T750 14th
2124 500 C Graziano / Dionisi 175th T750 29th
2133 500 C Cosani / Bagatin 149th T750 13th
2134 500 C Coppo / Giorgis 162nd T750 21st
2136 500 C Calzavacca / Malpezzi 174th T750 28th
2138 500 C Perron / Facca 180th T750 34th
2139 500 C Caggiati / Fabroni 173rd T750 27th
2142 500 C Tavella / Barbieri 135th T750 9th
2143 500 C Camisotti / Sacchiero 165th T750 23rd
2144 500 C Cardinali / Tingolini 170th T750 26th
2149 500 C Bortolucci / Francesconi 155th T750 17th
2150 500 C Gobbi / Borghini 146th T750 11th
2154 500 C Corvi / Ghittoni 161st T750 20th
2158 500 C Fadini / Arrigoni 157th T750 18th
2159 500 C Turri / Candiani 153rd T750 15th
2207 500 C de Milano / Carlotti 163rd T750 22nd
2212 500 C Cigognini / Padovan 169th T750 25th
2314 750 Zagato Bauer / Sandrolini 115th S750 4th
2341 Marino Coupe 141151 Brandoli / Claes 159th S750 13th
* only finishing cars listed.

Other entries:

  Targa Florio 30.03.1954 Results:
# gen. category class
18 1100 Sport La Mattina ret.
24 Raor 1100 Sport Di Salvo 10th sport 8th 751-1.1 1st
30 1100/103 TV Reginella -
32 1100/103 Toia 16th turismo 1st up to 1.3 1st
34 1100/103 TV Crimi ret.
36 1100/103 TV Mauthe 17th turismo 2nd up to 1.3 2nd
38 1100/103 TV Fantauzzo ret.


Fiat 1100/103 (Francesco Toia) at Targa Florio.


Fiat Raor 1100 Sport (Antonio Di Salvo) at Targa Florio.


Fiat 1100/103 (Bruno Poggioli / F. Nadalini) did not finish Mille Miglia.


Fiat 1100 (Ettore Morelli / Armando Morelli) at Mille Miglia.